Macrohistory of the legal transformations in Iran from the reception of Turk-Mongolian law to the inception of legal modernization
Keywords:Legal transplantation, Turko-Mongolian and Islamic law, modernization, shari`a and qanun (state law), legal dualism, Trasplante jurídico, derecho turco-mongol e islámico, modernización, shari’a y qanun (ley del Estado), dualismo jurídico
AbstractTwo major transformations in the constitutional history of the Islamic Middle East are examined with reference to Iran. Two snapshots sketch the consequences of the reception, respectively, of the Turko-Mongolian since the first half of the fifteenth century, marked the reconciliation of Turko-Mongolian and Islamic law, and of the legal framework of the international system of modern nation-states in the nineteenth century. The turning point from the Turko-Mongolian to the modern legal transplantation is the collapse of the last Turko-Mongolian empire in world history – that of Nāder Shah (1736-1747). It was followed by half a century of internecine tribal warfare from which Iran emerged as a state forced to adopt Western law in the century-long course of its defensive modernization against imperialist pressure that resulted in the inception of legal modernization.
Se analizan dos grandes transformaciones de la historia constitucional del Medio Oriente islámico, con referencia a Irán. Dos radiografías bosquejan las consecuencias de la recepción, respectivamente, de los turco-mongoles a partir de la primera mitad del siglo XV –marcando la reconciliación del derecho turco-mongol e islámico– y del marco jurídico para el sistema internacional de los modernos Estados-nación en el siglo XIX. El punto de inflexión del trasplante turco-mongol al derecho moderno es la caída del último Imperio Turco-Mongol de Nāder Shah (1736-1747). Siguió medio siglo de guerras internas entre tribus, de las cuales emergió Irán como un Estado obligado a adoptar el derecho occidental en el curso de un siglo de su modernización defensiva contra las presiones imperialistas, lo cual dio como resultado el comienzo de la modernización jurídica.
Available from: https://doi.org/10.35295/osls.iisl/0000-0000-0000-1069
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