The violence dynamics in public security: military interventions and police-related deaths in Brazil

Authors

  • Marcial A. G. Suarez Universidade Federal Fluminense, UFF
  • Luís Antônio Francisco de Souza Universidade Estadual Paulista, Unesp
  • Carlos Henrique Aguiar Serra Universidade Federal Fluminense, UFF

Keywords:

Public security, Brazil, police lethality, military interventions, Seguridad pública, Brasil, letalidad policial, intervenciones militares

Abstract

This paper discusses the deadly use of violence as a public security agenda, focusing on police lethality and military interventions. Through a literature review to understanding concepts – such as “war,” for example – used in public security policy agendas, the study seeks to frame the notion of political violence, mainly referring to the policies designed to combat violence in Brazil. The objective is to problematize the public security policy based on the idea of confrontation, which adopts the logic of war and the notion of “enemy”. The paper is divided into three parts. The first is a conceptual approach to violence and war, and the second is the analysis of the dynamic of deadly use of force. Finally, the third part is a contextual analysis of violence in Rio de Janeiro, its characteristics, and central actors, using official statistics on violence in the region.

Este artículo se ocupa del uso letal de la violencia como parte de los programas de seguridad pública. Nos centramos en la letalidad policial y las intervenciones militares. A través de un repaso de la literatura para entender algunos conceptos -por ejemplo, “guerra”- utilizados en los programas de políticas de seguridad pública, pretendemos enmarcar la noción de violencia política, refiriéndonos principalmente a las políticas diseñadas para combatir la violencia en Brasil. El objetivo es problematizar la política de seguridad pública basada en la idea de confrontación, la cual adopta la lógica de la guerra y la noción de un “enemigo”. El artículo se divide en tres partes: la primera es un acercamiento conceptual a la violencia y la guerra, y la segunda es el análisis de la dinámica del uso letal de la fuerza. Finalmente, la tercera parte es un análisis contextual de la violencia en Río de Janeiro, sus características y sus actores principales, utilizando estadísticas oficiales de la violencia en la región.

Available from: https://doi.org/10.35295/osls.iisl/0000-0000-0000-1181

Author Biographies

Marcial A. G. Suarez, Universidade Federal Fluminense, UFF

Associated Professor of Political Sciences at Universidade Federal Fluminense, Departamento de Ciência Política e Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciência Política
Campus do Gragoatá – Rua Professor Marcos Waldemar de Freitas Reis, Bloco O. Rio de Janeiro - RJ, Brasil, CEP 24210-201

Luís Antônio Francisco de Souza, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Unesp

Professor of Sociology at Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquisa Filho, Unesp. Av. Hygino Muzzi Filho, 737 – Marília, São Paulo, Brazil – CEP: 17.525-900

Carlos Henrique Aguiar Serra, Universidade Federal Fluminense, UFF

Associated Professor of Political Sciences and PhD in History at Universidade Federal Fluminense. Rua Clarice Índio do Brasil, 30/601 - Botafogo - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil – CEP: 22230-090.

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Published

01-06-2021

How to Cite

Suarez, M. A. G., Souza, L. A. F. de and Serra, C. H. A. (2021) “The violence dynamics in public security: military interventions and police-related deaths in Brazil”, Oñati Socio-Legal Series, 11(3), pp. 787–808. Available at: https://opo.iisj.net/index.php/osls/article/view/1278 (Accessed: 9 December 2021).