The calm after the storm? The tricky path to restoring the enjoyment of individual rights in Intimate Partner Violence cases

Authors

Keywords:

Intimate Partner Violence, Victim’s Rights, Gender-Based Violence, Justice System, Victim Support Organizations (VSOs), violencia de pareja, derechos de la víctima, violencia basada en el género, sistema de justicia, organizaciones de apoyo a las víctimas

Abstract

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is the main pathology that occurs within interpersonal relations, and women are the chief victims in an overwhelming majority of cases. At present, a well-established international legal framework is in place that defines IPV as violating internationally recognized human rights. However, the application of these standards has proven difficult because it requires multilayered arrangements to be effective. This paper investigates whether and how police authorities and the justice system – as parts of the victims’ support network – can assist victims in escaping from violence and restoring normality to their lives. The focus is on the gap between the law in the book and the law in action. To this end, the paper presents the findings of an Italian case study based on both document analysis and field research. The main aim is to bring to light organizational problems that can seriously jeopardize the effectiveness of systems to shield IPV victims and the full enjoyment of their individual rights.

La violencia de pareja es la principal patología en relaciones interpersonales, y las mujeres son las víctimas en una aplastante mayoría de los casos. En este momento, hay en vigor un marco jurídico internacional bien establecido, el cual define la violencia de pareja como violación de derechos humanos reconocidos a nivel internacional. Sin embargo, la aplicación de esos estándares ha demostrado ser difícil, porque, para su efectividad, se requieren acuerdos a distintos niveles. Este artículo investiga si las autoridades policiales y el sistema de justicia –como parte de la red de apoyo a las víctimas– pueden ayudar a las víctimas a escapar de la violencia y a restablecer la normalidad en sus vidas, y de qué manera. Nos centramos en la brecha entre el derecho en los libros y el derecho en acción. A este fin, el artículo presenta los hallazgos de un estudio de caso de Italia, basado tanto en análisis de documentos como en investigación de campo. El objetivo principal es arrojar luz sobre problemas organizacionales que pueden poner seriamente en peligro la efectividad de los sistemas que deben proteger a las víctimas y el pleno disfrute de los derechos personales de éstas.

Available from: https://doi.org/10.35295/osls.iisl/0000-0000-0000-1272

Author Biographies

Rosanna Amato, Institute of Legal Informatics and Judicial Systems of the National Research Council of Italy (IGSG-CNR)

Rosanna Amato is a post-doc researcher at the Institute on Legal Informatics and Judicial Systems of the National Research Council of Italy IGSG-CNR. Email: address: rosanna.amato@irsig.cnr.it Mail address: Via Zamboni 26, 40126, Bologna (Italy).

Davide Carnevali, Institute of Legal Informatics and Judicial System of the National Research Council of Italy (IGSG-CNR)

Davide Carnevali is a Researcher at the Institute on Legal Informatics and Judicial Systems of the National Research Council of Italy (IGSG-CNR). Email address: davide.carnevali@cnr.it  Mail address: Via Zamboni 26, 40126, Bologna (Italy). 

Published

30-03-2022 — Updated on 01-06-2022

How to Cite

Amato, R. and Carnevali, D. (2022) “The calm after the storm? The tricky path to restoring the enjoyment of individual rights in Intimate Partner Violence cases”, Oñati Socio-Legal Series, 12(3), pp. 443–477. Available at: https://opo.iisj.net/index.php/osls/article/view/1359 (Accessed: 26 June 2022).