Considering strategies designed to counter radicalisation

Comparative reflections on approaches in the United Kingdom and Belgium

Authors

  • Gabriel Gray Mythen University of Liverpool
  • Evelyne Baillergeau UVA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35295/osls.iisl/0000-0000-0000-1197

Keywords:

Counter Radicalisation Strategy, Extremism, Terrorism, Prevent

Abstract

This article focuses on the issue of counter radicalisation strategy, examining the efficacy and the weaknesses of policy initiatives designed to prevent violent extremism. In order to scrutinize various approaches toward combatting the problem of “radicalisation”, we compare and contrast policy and practices in the United Kingdom with counter measures adopted in Belgium. Drawing on a range of examples from these two countries, it is argued that context sensitive and situated multi-agency approaches to counter radicalization are more likely to engage individuals at risk of being drawn into violent extremism and are also less likely to (re)produce iatrogenic effects. Our analysis suggests that, in order to fully understanding what may ostensibly be perceived as individual proclivities toward violence, the role of structural, institutional and environmental factors is significant. We posit that these factors need to be given greater credence in both explanations for “extremism” and processes and practices implemented to reduce the risk of harm.

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Author Biographies

Gabriel Gray Mythen, University of Liverpool

Professor of Criminology, School of Law and Social Justice, University of Liverpool, UK. Email address: g.mythen@liverpool.ac.uk

Evelyne Baillergeau, UVA

Senior researcher at the University of Amsterdam (Department of Sociology). Email address: e.baillergeau@uva.nl

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Published

01-10-2021

How to Cite

Mythen, G. G. and Baillergeau, E. (2021) “Considering strategies designed to counter radicalisation: Comparative reflections on approaches in the United Kingdom and Belgium”, Oñati Socio-Legal Series, 11(5), pp. 1133–1152. doi: 10.35295/osls.iisl/0000-0000-0000-1197.