Trust in the Justice System: Internet Survey after Introducing Mixed Tribunal System in Japan

Authors

  • Masahiro Fujita Kansai University
  • Nahoko Hayashi Kansai University
  • Syûgo Hotta Meiji University

Keywords:

Trust, legal system, social survey, jury system, Confianza, sistema jurídico, encuesta social, sistema de jurados

Abstract

People obey the law because they think it is legitimate, and trust is the key that makes the legal system work. The jury system promotes public trust in the justice system through lay people’s participation. In the current study, the authors investigated the relationships between citizens’ trust in the social system, general trust, feelings of legitimacy for the justice system, and other social variables. The survey was conducted in March 2013 through the Internet and 1,609 Japanese people responded. With these data, the authors tested relational models of the factors that determine citizens’ trust in the legal system, and relationships among these factors.

Las personas obedecen la ley porque piensan que es legítima y confían en que es la clave que hace funcionar el sistema jurídico. El sistema de jurado promueve la confianza pública en el sistema de justicia a través de la participación de legos. En este estudio, los autores investigaron las relaciones entre la confianza de los ciudadanos en el sistema social, la confianza general, los sentimientos de legitimidad hacia el sistema de justicia y otras variables sociales. La encuesta se realizó en marzo de 2013 a través de Internet y respondieron 1609 japoneses. Con estos datos, los autores probaron los modelos relacionales de los factores que determinan la confianza de los ciudadanos en el sistema jurídico y las relaciones entre estos factores.

DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2769587

Author Biographies

Masahiro Fujita, Kansai University

Masahiro Fujita is a professor at the Faculty of Sociology, Kansai University in Osaka, Japan. Faculty of Sociology, Kansai University, 3-3-35, Yamatecho, Suita, Osaka, 564-8680 Japan. m.fujita@kansai-u.ac.jp

Nahoko Hayashi, Kansai University

Nahoko Hayashi is a professor at the Faulty of Sociology, Kansai University. Contact details: Faculty of Sociology, Kansai University, 3-3-35, Yamatecho, Suita, Osaka, 564-8680 Japan. nhayashi@kansai-u.ac.jp

Syûgo Hotta, Meiji University

Syûgo Hotta is a professor at the School of Law, Meiji University, in Tokyo, Japan. Contact details: 1-9-1, Eifuku, Suginami-ku, Tokyo 168-8555 Japan. hotta@meiji.ac.jp

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Published

24-06-2015

How to Cite

Fujita, M., Hayashi, N. and Hotta, S. (2015) “Trust in the Justice System: Internet Survey after Introducing Mixed Tribunal System in Japan ”, Oñati Socio-Legal Series, 6(2), pp. 344–367. Available at: https://opo.iisj.net/index.php/osls/article/view/658 (Accessed: 6 May 2021).