Protection and support of terrorism victims in the criminal proceedings in Kosovo: The compliance with standards of the Madrid Memorandum

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35295/osls.iisl/0000-0000-0000-1397

Keywords:

Victims of terrorism, protection and support of victims of terrorism, Madrid Memorandum, Víctimas del terrorismo, protección y apoyo a las víctimas del terrorismo, Memorando de Madrid

Abstract

Victims of terrorism can be considered a special category within the broader and more general group of “victims of crime”. In recent decades, there has been an international trend to develop more specific treatment, both in legal and practical terms, to address their particular needs in unfortunate times of intensification and sophistication of terrorist attacks, with a correlative increase in the harmful consequences for an increasing number of victims of terrorism. At the international level, one such instrument is the Madrid Memorandum, which contains relevant guidelines that serve as a reference for States, who can draw inspiration from them when designing their national standards of protection and support for victims of terrorism. This paper aims to critically analyze the legal framework applicable in Kosovo on the issue of protection and support of victims of terrorism from the pre-trial phase, through criminal proceedings, and after the completion of criminal proceedings, with special emphasis aiming to analyze the compliance of these rules with standards of the Madrid Memorandum.  The paper identifies three areas in which the applicable legal framework for the protection and support of victims of terrorism in criminal proceedings needs to be harmonised with the Madrid Memorandum’s standards.

Las víctimas del terrorismo pueden considerarse una categoría especial dentro del grupo más amplio y general de las "víctimas de delitos". En las últimas décadas, ha habido una tendencia internacional a desarrollar un tratamiento más específico, tanto en términos jurídicos como prácticos, para abordar sus necesidades particulares en tiempos desafortunados de intensificación y sofisticación de los ataques terroristas, con un aumento correlativo de las consecuencias perjudiciales para un número cada vez mayor de víctimas del terrorismo. En el ámbito internacional, uno de estos instrumentos es el Memorando de Madrid, que contiene directrices relevantes que sirven de referencia a los Estados, que pueden inspirarse en ellas a la hora de diseñar sus normas nacionales de protección y apoyo a las víctimas del terrorismo. El presente trabajo pretende analizar críticamente el marco jurídico aplicable en Kosovo en materia de protección y apoyo a las víctimas del terrorismo desde la fase de instrucción, a través del proceso penal, y una vez finalizado éste, con especial énfasis en analizar la conformidad de estas normas con los estándares del Memorando de Madrid. El documento identifica tres áreas en las que el marco legal aplicable para la protección y el apoyo a las víctimas del terrorismo en los procesos penales necesita ser armonizado con los estándares del Memorando de Madrid.

Available from: https://doi.org/10.35295/osls.iisl/0000-0000-0000-1397

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Author Biographies

Vilard Bytyqi, Kosovo Academy for Public Safety

Faculty of Public Safety, Kosovo Academy for Public Safety, Kosovo.

Ferid Azemi, Kosovo Academy for Public Safety

Faculty of Public Safety, Kosovo Academy for Public Safety, Kosovo. Email address: feridazemi@gmail.com

References

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Published

28-07-2023

How to Cite

Bytyqi, V. and Azemi, F. (2023) “Protection and support of terrorism victims in the criminal proceedings in Kosovo: The compliance with standards of the Madrid Memorandum”, Oñati Socio-Legal Series, 13(4), pp. 1412–1427. doi: 10.35295/osls.iisl/0000-0000-0000-1397.