Modern anti-drug policy and human rights




Anti-drug policy, drug addiction, drug trafficking, human rights, compulsory treatment, Política antidroga, adicción a las drogas, tráfico de drogas, derechos humanos y violencia de género, tratamiento obligatorio


The topic of human rights in the aspect of relations between the state and addicted patients (and in general relations in the sphere of circulation of drugs) remains scantily explored for modern Ukraine, which actualizes further scientific research. The purpose of the article is to determine the authors’ vision of compliance with international human rights standards of the legal anti-drug prohibitions established by the state. To achieve this goal, using the historical-legal, comparative, dialectical, systemic, hermeneutic, sociological methods and legal method of cognition, national and foreign legislation was critically analyzed, international experience in implementing various models of anti-drug policy was studied, and proposals for the draft of a new Criminal Code of Ukraine were formulated. The authors pay special attention to the problems of protecting the rights of drug addicts, legal liability in the field of drug trafficking, legalization of drugs for non-medical needs and compulsory treatment of drug addicts.

El tema de los derechos humanos en el aspecto de las relaciones entre el Estado y los pacientes adictos (y en general las relaciones en la esfera de la circulación de drogas) sigue siendo escasamente explorado en la Ucrania moderna, lo que actualiza una mayor investigación científica. El objetivo del artículo es determinar la visión de los autores sobre el cumplimiento de las normas internacionales de derechos humanos de las prohibiciones legales antidroga establecidas por el Estado. Para lograr este objetivo, utilizando los métodos histórico-jurídico, comparativo, dialéctico, sistémico, hermenéutico, sociológico y el método jurídico de cognición, se han analizado críticamente la legislación nacional y extranjera, se ha estudiado la experiencia internacional en la aplicación de diversos modelos de política antidroga y se han formulado propuestas para el proyecto de un nuevo Código Penal de Ucrania. Los autores prestan especial atención a los problemas de la protección de los derechos de los drogodependientes, la responsabilidad jurídica en el ámbito del tráfico de drogas, la legalización de las drogas para necesidades no médicas y el tratamiento obligatorio de los drogodependientes.


Author Biographies

Anatoliy A. Muzyka, National Academy of Legal Sciences/State Research Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs

National Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine; State Research Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine. Email address:

Olexiy P. Gorokh, National University Kyiv-Mohyla Academy

National University Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Kyiv, Ukraine. Email address:

Lesya A. Muzyka, National University Kyiv-Mohyla Academy

National University Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Kyiv, Ukraine. Email address:

Oksana A. Muzyka-Stefanchuk, Educational and Scientific Institute of Law, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Scientific-Research Institute of Intellectual Property of the National Academy of Legal Sciences

Educational and Scientific Institute of Law, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Scientific-Research Institute of Intellectual Property of the National Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine. Email address:


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04-04-2023 — Updated on 03-10-2023

How to Cite

Muzyka, A., Gorokh, O., Muzyka, L., Muzyka-Stefanchuk, O. and Anishchenko, M. (2023) “Modern anti-drug policy and human rights”, Oñati Socio-Legal Series, 13(5), pp. 1583–1614. doi: 10.35295/osls.iisl/0000-0000-0000-1396.