“Places you shouldn't go to”: (Im)mobility, violence and democracy in Brazil and South Africa

Authors

Keywords:

violence, mobility, social inequalities, violencia, movilidad, desigualdades sociales

Abstract

Pursuing the broader political effects of the relationship between violence, mobility, and inequality, the article describes some of the grounded political-economies (re)producing social inequalities in Brazil and South Africa, and a discontinuous experience of the urban space. This fragmented spatial experience is produced by the simultaneous operation of a discursive apparatus projecting a split ideal of “city”, and grounded social mechanics, in the intersection of values and power relations. In Johannesburg, South Africa, we’ve described the creation of Maboneng, a “urban development project”, to highlight the role of social mobility and growing class aspirations as powerful political vehicles for neoliberal markets reissuing old apartheid socio-spatial divisions. In Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, we’ve explored the relationship between the State and its margins to understand the production of the milícia as a violent anti-modern capitalist venture, aiming to control the circulation of people, capital and political support in the city.

Siguiendo los efectos políticos más amplios de la relación entre violencia, movilidad y desigualdad, el artículo describe la forma en que algunas políticas económicas arraigadas (re)producen desigualdades sociales en Brasil y Sudáfrica, una experiencia discontinua del espacio urbano. Esta experiencia espacial fragmentada es producto de la operación simultánea de un aparato discursivo que proyecta un ideal escindido de “ciudad” y mecanismos sociales arraigados, en una intersección de valores y relaciones de poder. En Johannesburgo, Sudáfrica, describimos la creación de Maboneng, un “proyecto de desarrollo urbano”, para destacar el rol de la movilidad social y de las crecientes aspiraciones de clase como potentes vehículos políticos para que los mercados neoliberales reediten viejas divisiones socio-espaciales del apartheid. En Río de Janeiro, Brasil, analizamos la relación entre el Estado y sus márgenes a fin de entender la producción de la milícia como riesgo capitalista antimoderno violento que tiene el propósito de controlar la circulación de personas, capital y apoyo político.

Available from: https://doi.org/10.35295/osls.iisl/0000-0000-0000-1221

Author Biographies

Elizabete Ribeiro Albernaz, Universidade Federal Fluminense

Elizabete Albernaz is a Ph.D. in Anthropology, Visiting Researcher at Wits University (South Africa), and vice-coordinator of the Laboratory of Studies on Conflict, Citizenship and Public Security (LAESP / UFF) at Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niterói, Brazil. Contact address: 501, Dumbarton Oaks, 2nd Avenue, Killarney, 2193, Johannesburg, South Africa. Email: elizabetealbernaz@id.uff.br

Lenin Pires, Universidade Federal Fluminense

Lenin Pires is a PhD in Anthropology, Professor of the Public Security Department and Director of the National Institute of Comparative Studies in Conflict Management (InCT-INEAC), both at Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niterói, Brazil. Contact address: Prof. Hernani Pires de Mello, 84 - Ingá, Niterói - RJ, 24210-130, Brazil. Email: leninpires@id.uff.br  

Published

01-12-2021

How to Cite

Albernaz, E. R. and Pires, L. (2021) “‘Places you shouldn’t go to’: (Im)mobility, violence and democracy in Brazil and South Africa”, Oñati Socio-Legal Series, 11(6), pp. 1365–1391. Available at: https://opo.iisj.net/index.php/osls/article/view/1333 (Accessed: 19 January 2022).