The metamorphosis of the discourse on infancy and crime in Argentina: A review of the field of production of the legal discourse of the Criminal Regime for Minors

Authors

  • Paola Victoria Colombero UBA CONICET

Keywords:

Infant-juvenile criminal system, ward-punitive mechanism, discourse, governing through crime, Sistema penal infanto-juvenil, dispositivo tutelar-represivo, discurso, gobierno a través del delito

Abstract

This research reviews the manufacture process of legal discourse concerning under-age alleged offenders in Argentina. After describing the legislative framework of the Infant-Juvenile Criminal System the article explores that courts have dealt with much more than just the normative texts. It aims to explain the role taken by a variety of discourses and arguments which emerge from the political, scientific, and journalist fields, and converge in the process of creating the legal discourse. This is exposed in landmark judicial decisions: the Maldonado case, the Fundación Sur case – Argentine Supreme Court – and the Mendoza case – IACHR –. Furthermore, the study analyses a series of political discourses that contributed to establish the hegemonic stance calling to lower the age of criminal responsibility. Finally, the article develops the concept of governing through crime as a type of power intended for harshening punishment and, about BG&A, allows cruel and inhuman punishments.

Esta investigación da cuenta del proceso de producción del discurso jurídico sobre personas menores de edad, presuntos infractores de la ley penal, en Argentina. Después de describir el marco legislativo del Sistema Penal Infanto-Juvenil, el artículo explora que los tribunales han lidiado con mucho más que solo textos normativos. Persigue explicar el papel que juegan diversos discursos y argumentos que surgen del campo político, científico y periodístico, y convergen en el proceso de creación del discurso jurídico. Esto se expone en decisiones judiciales significativas: el caso Maldonado, el caso Fundación Sur – Corte Suprema de Argentina – y el caso Mendoza – CIDH. Además, el estudio analiza una serie de discursos políticos que contribuyeron a consolidar la postura hegemónica que propone bajar la edad de responsabilidad penal. Finalmente, el artículo desarrolla el concepto de gobernar a través del delito como un tipo de poder que busca endurecer el castigo y, sobre NNyA, habilita penas crueles e inhumanas.

Available from: https://doi.org/10.35295/osls.iisl/0000-0000-0000-1191

Author Biography

Paola Victoria Colombero, UBA CONICET

National Scientific and Technical Research Council of Argentina (CONICET) Scholarship holder
University of Buenos Aires (UBA) Ph.D. Student
Legal and Social Research Institute “Ambrosio L. Gioja” (Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas y Sociales Ambrosio L. Gioja) Researcher

University of Buenos Aires (UBA) Department of Philosophy of Law. Teacher
National University of Rosario (UNR) Teacher
National University of José C. Paz (UNPAZ) Teacher

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Published

01-06-2021

How to Cite

Colombero, P. V. (2021) “The metamorphosis of the discourse on infancy and crime in Argentina: A review of the field of production of the legal discourse of the Criminal Regime for Minors”, Oñati Socio-Legal Series, 11(3), pp. 722–752. Available at: https://opo.iisj.net/index.php/osls/article/view/1238 (Accessed: 9 December 2021).