Oñati Socio-Legal Series, Vol 9, No 1 (2019)

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Stabilising Collective Agreements in Continental Europe: How Contract Law Principles Reinforce the Right to Collective Bargaining

Alexandre de le Court

Abstract


Most continental European legal systems where normative value is conferred on collective bargaining agreements also include a legal mechanism, known as after-effects, whereby the content of such agreements survives after they expire. After-effects can be regulated by specific legislative provisions. Where such provisions are absent, jurisprudential constructions based on the application of general principles of contract law have been applied instead. This comparative study reveals an important convergence between these models, in terms of both the legal techniques adopted and in the objectives pursued. The study also reveals that states share common concerns around maintaining a certain balance between negotiating parties, whether through consolidating the respective models of collective bargaining or via correcting dysfunctions introduced by emergency measures. Those solutions can be embedded in the international definition of the right to collective bargaining, revealing the importance of a holistic vision on regulations underpinning the European collective bargaining model.

La mayor parte de los ordenamientos jurídicos de Europa que confieren valor normativo a los convenios colectivos incluyen un sistema de supervivencia del contenido de éstos cuando expiran (ultraactividad). En algunos casos, está regulado por disposiciones legislativas específicas; en otros, por construcciones jurisprudenciales. El estudio comparativo muestra una convergencia importante entre los modelos, revelando preocupaciones comunes en el mantenimiento de un cierto equilibrio entre los interlocutores de la negociación colectiva, sea mediante la consolidación de los modelos existentes o mediante la corrección de disfunciones provocadas por medidas de emergencia. Estas soluciones se integran en la definición internacional del derecho a la negociación colectiva, lo que revela la importancia de una visión holística de la regulación que sustenta el modelo de negociación colectiva europea.

Available from: https://doi.org/10.35295/osls.iisl/0000-0000-0000-1012


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